Would you ever consider going through stem cell therapy if that was the only way for your disease to be cured? Stem cell research is the use of embryos formed during the blastocyst phase of embryological development. This is something that everyone feels different about. Some people are for stem cell usage and some are against it. People can use stem cells to cure different types of diseases that scientist can only cure by using stem cells. Today, I will be talking about how stem cells can cure diabetes type two, multiple sclerosis, and ALS. One disease that can get cured by stem cells are diabetes type two. Diabetes type two is a disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar and a lack of insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates. There are things that cause diabetes type two, some of the causes are obesity, poor diet, low activity level, genetics/family history. Using stem cells to cure diabetes two can help the pancreas regenerate and boosts its ability to produce insulin. At the Mayo Clinic there has been procedures done using stem cells to try to cure diabetes type two. These procedures have been successful for many people. It also has benefited people six months after stem cell research. Repeated doses of adipose stem cells are the most effective treatment in this case for diabetes type two. It creates an open window for dietary changes, supplementation, and more of an effect for long term effect for blood sugar. Adult stem cells can adapt more easily and can transform into many different organs and structures in the human body. Stem cells can restore damaged structures and rejuvenate cells that are failing. Stem cells are considered an advancement from within the last few years.At the Swiss Medica Clinic, they have developed a program called, “Adult Autologous Stem Cell Theory.” It is a program to treat different types of conditions. When a patient is going through stem cell therapy they gain 200- 300 million cells. Not only does the 200-300 cells that get put into the body cover the daily losses, but it also covers it by a thousand more. After the whole cell replenishment, organs regenerate and get renewed. This happens because the new and active cells replace the old and damaged ones. A second disease that stem cell therapy can cure is Multiple Sclerosis disease. Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. If your body is healthy and normal, these nerve cells carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body, allowing us to move, balance, see, hear, and feel. In Multiple Sclerosis, the body’s own immune system attacks the nerve cells so they cannot function properly. In every person’s body system there nerve cell is wrapped in a protective sheath called myelin. If the myelin in your body is damaged, the cell can no longer carry messages to your brain and other parts of the body. As Multiple Sclerosis progresses and gets worse your body slowly stops working because messages can’t get to your brain to tell your body what to do. Also as the disease progresses more nerve cells are affected, causing increasing disability. Using stem cells to help Multiple Sclerosis by repairing the damage of myelin sheath. This will get repaired by resetting the immune system. The main goal by using stem cells is to prevent the immune system from attacking the nerve cells and reduce the amount of damage done. The stem cells may be able repair the damaged sheath. With Multiple Sclerosis, researchers hope that in the distant future that stem cells might be able to regrow nerves that have been lost. This will be possible by growing nerve cells in a lab and testing out new potential drugs. There are some challenges using this treatment. Scientist say that it is hard to treat the immune system when it is attacking a patient’s own cells. A second challenge is trying to develop treatments because there are no patterns to what causes the immune system to attack the body. It’s not the same reason in everyones body. The trigger of the disease is caused in a different way with every single patient. The third and final reason is that scientist still don’t completely understand how myelin sheath is created in the nervous system. This is why the development of the treatment for myelin sheath is hard to create and a problem stopping scientist. A man in Portugal, who was 44, got diagnosed Multiple Sclerosis. In December 2012, his conditions got worse. He started using wheelchairs, his disease gets worse, he couldn’t walk or see. He did nine months of usual treatment for Multiple Sclerosis and chemotherapy did not help. He found Swiss Medica Stem Cell Clinic, they started stem cell treatment immediately, and one month later he could walk again. Scientist’s goals are to cure all there patients this way. A third disease that you can cure using stem cell therapy is ALS. This disease is also known as either ‘motor neuron disease’ or ‘Lou Gehrig’s disease’. When nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord stop working normally there is a noticeable change in muscle movement and daily activities you do. The motor neurons that are in your brain help control your muscle movements, for an example, gripping an object, running, walking, or any other movement you use daily. When you get diagnosed with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) your daily movements, running, walking, and gripping objects, become increasingly difficult. There is not yet an official or effective cure yet for ALS. But, according to the ALS association, an estimated 20,000 americans between the ages of 40 and 70 are living with progressively paralytic disorder. Scientist don’t know yet on what makes this disease occur yet, but it just occurs out of the blue. When someone get diagnosed with ALS, depending on how much it has progressed in their body, scientist usually say someone has a lifespan of 3 years left. This disease is not inherited, only a small percentage of patients carry the genes that are associated with ALS. The main goal of the people at mayo clinic is to try to keep nerve cells alive as long as possible. The scientist at mayo clinic believe that the stem cell based therapy could be used as a cure for the ALS disease. “We don’t know why nerve cells die prematurely. We hope with this therapy is to protect the neurons that are there and to slow the disease course.” (Anthony Windebank, M.D.) The mayo clinic did a phase one role with twenty-seven patients with ALS in the study. The patients were treated in a MSC dose. The safety trial lasted several months. There were no sign of tumor formations or them growing, which was a concern of some of the scientist. Overall, the safety protocol is positive and the treatment is safe. The Mayo Clinic decided to do a phase two trial, it treated a larger group of patients, it will go for a longer, and it will have a high dose level. This phase started in mid 2017 and will last for 12 months. This phase is not done yet, but results will be coming soon. Therefore, I am for using stem cell research and using the medicines they have identified for different diseases. Even though there are some risks involved and some kinks, the doctors do make the patients aware of them and it is the patients choice if they want to go through with it or not. If stem cells were one of my options for mem living or dying I would take the chance and the stem cell therapy to see if it could cure me. I strongly believe that stem cell research can lead to a cure to cancer and many other incurable disease that are upon us on earth. I feel as if this is the new treatment and solution to the diseases we have not cured yet and that stem cells are the treatment of the future.