What does mark 1-8 contain, what is its purpose and how is it interpreted today?Introduction In this study we will answer the questions that have left many people wondering what these chapters of Mark 1-8 mean. The chapters Mark 1-8, are important for christians for which they contain the stories of Jesus’s life told by Peter and written down by John Mark. The Gospel of Mark is also known as the Gospel of Peter, because it was written closely to his experiences and at some points even goes into first person. Mark wrote it in Greece in Greek in the Roman Empire. In 66-70 CE (AD). The Gospel Mark was the most reliable gospel of the Synoptic Gospels because it is the first one and was written closest to the time the events happen. Action planWe plan to use the bible as our main resource, in multiple versions. We have books at home, like study bibles and short stories from the bible, that contain a lot of facts and context to the content. We will do the work together but divide the summaries of the chapters, but still each read all the chapters so we have the same information. On insights and opinions on our chapters we will look online for blogs and bible study groups to get informations and sources to back up what we write and see what others think and interpret it.Purpose John Marks purpose in writing these chapters were to show people who Jesus was, and telling stories of what Jesus did to become known as the Messiah to all Christians and how he acted while becoming popular amongst the people. He gained enemies and followers throughout his journey to rescue man from sin. John Mark also wanted to write this book so he could show the people who lived in the Roman Empire who did not understand how the Jewish people lived. We think the purpose is to show people what Jesus was capable of so they would trust in him.Chapter 1All of Judea and Jerusalem went out to the river of Jordan confessing their sins and getting baptized by John. John preached, “after me comes he who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. I have baptized you with water, but he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit.” Mark 8:7-8 Jesus came down to the Jordan river and was baptized by John. As Jesus came out of the water John immediately saw the “heavens being torn open and the spirit descending onto him”. A voice came down from heaven saying, “You are my beloved son; with you I am well pleased.” Mark 1:11Jesus came into Galilee proclaiming the gospel of God. Jesus passed along Andrew and Simon as they were fishing. Jesus stated that if they follow him they could be “fishers of men”, they were intrigued and followed him. Jesus then found James and John with their father Zebedee. James and John then followed Jesus. He continued his journey and on the way heals a man with an unclean spirit, and cast out his demons in the synagogue. He also heals many and travels around the towns to heal the people. The whole city was waiting behind his door to get healed from illness or to have their drink a castaway. Jesus came across a leper begging him to cleanse his spirit, and so he did as he was asked and healed the leper.Chapter 2Many gathered together to watch Jesus preach. Four men carried a paralytic man through the whole in the roof they had made, due to the large crowd. Jesus said to the paralytic “Son, your sins are forgiven.”Mark 2:5 The scribes questioned silently, since the only person who can forgive sins in this world was God. Jesus said to the paralytic “I say you pick up your bed, and go home.” Mark 2: 11 Immediately the paralytic man rose up, took the bed and left. Jesus was teaching the crowd by as he came across Levi, the son of Alphaeus. Levi follows Jesus along with the rest of his disciples. They then went to his house and had dinner with tax collectors and sinners. One asks Jesus why is he dining with tax collectors and sinners.Jesus replies “healthy people don’t need a doctor, but sick people do. I didn’t come to call righteous people, but sinners.” Mark 2:17Jesus was asked “Why do John’s disciples and the Pharisees’ disciples fast, but yours don’t?” To this Jesus gives many examples. ” No one pours new wine into old leather wineskins; otherwise, the wine would be lost and the wineskins destroyed. But the new wine is for new wineskins.” Mark 2:21-22Jesus was making his way through the grain fields, his disciples began to pick on the heads of the grain. The Pharisees said, ” Look, why are they breaking the sabbath law?” Jesus told them the story of David. David went into God’s house and ate the bread of presence. This bread was only meant for priests. The he stated, “The sabbath was created for humans; humans weren’t created for the sabbath. This is why the human one is lord even over the sabbath.” Mark 2:27-28Chapter 3 Jesus went into the synagogue and came across a man with a withered hand who wanted I bring charges against Jesus. They wanted to see if Jesus could heal on the sabbath. Jesus said to them, “Is it legal on the sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” The men said nothing to this, which made Jesus frustrated. Jesus then told the man to stretch out his arm as he made it healthy again. At that moment the Pharisees got together with the supporters of Herod and began planning how to destroy Jesus. A large crowd followed Jesus and his disciples. There were people from all towns far and wide. He ordered his disciples to get a boat for him in order for him to not get crushed by the crowds. Jesus had healed so many people that everyone who was sick would do anything to touch him. Whenever the evil spirits and demons saw Jesus they fell down and shouted “You are God’s son!” Mark 3:11 but he demanded them to not reveal who he was. Jesus went out to the mountains and called with him who he wanted. He appointed twelve men; Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas and Judas. He called them his apostles.Jesus entered a house as a large crowd followed. His family had heard about what had been happening and immediately came to take control of him because “He’s out of his mind!” mark 3:21Legal experts came down continuously charging him, ” He’s possessed by Beelzebub. He throws out demons with the authority of the ruler of demons.” Mark 3:22 Jesus replied as he called them together ” How can Satan throw Satan out?” Mark 3:23.When Jesus’s Mother and brothers arrived to the house and Jesus heard he said “Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?” As he glared across the room filled with people around him. ” Look, here are my mother and my brothers. Whoever does God’s will is my brother, sister and mother.” Mark 3:34-35 Jesus said.Chapter 4Jesus taught by the lake again, many people were gathered by him as he told stories and teachings. Jesus explains the meaning of the parables (the parable of the sower, a lamp on a stand, the parable of the growing seed and the parable of the mustard seed.” Later that day Jesus and the others decided to cross the lake. Many followed with their boats as they headed for the other side. Large winds and waves arose as their boats rocked. The people woke up Jesus who was sleeping and said “teacher don’t you care that we’re drowning?” Mark 4:38-38He got up and yelled “silence! And Be still!” to the wind. The wind and waves became calm again as the people around him were shocked as they wondered ” who then is this? Even the wind and sea obey him!” Mark 4:41Chapter 5There is a man who lives in the tombs that no one dares go near because he is possessed by many demons. Jesus talks to the demons and allows them to go into the pigs. People in the area tell Jesus to leave, but the saved man wants to join him. Jesus sends him home where he says his family will be granted mercy. Jesus goes to see a girl who is dying, when he is close she touches his cloak because she knows of its healing power. He health is restore but Jesus feels his power drain. The girl apologizes but he says it is her faith that restored her. Later people say she is dead and blame jesus but he says she is just sleeping. He goes to her and she starts walking. He says to her parents to keep it secret of what was done. Chapter 6Jesus visits his hometown and teaches on Sabbath. People don’t believe how he he preaches so well when his family are so normal. He says that only in his own home town, among his relatives and in in his own house is a prophet without honour.Jesus sends out the Twelve to deliver people from demons and heal. He told them to take no bread, no bag, no money, not an extra tunic and to stay in the house you enter until you leave that town. He said if they were not welcomed or not listened to at a house, they were to shake the dust off their feet as they left as a protest against them. (they were to be humble)King Herod believes Jesus is the man he once had beheaded come back to life, that man’s name was John. He’d had him killed when Herodias’ daughter had danced at his birthday banquette and impressed him and his guests so much that he’d offered her anything she wanted. Her mother, who was Herod’s wife, said to ask for the head of John, since he had been telling Herod that she should not be with the king because she was Herod’s brother’s wife. Herod had been afraid of John because he’d been a holy man, but felt pressured in front of his important guests to deliver on his promise so killed him so he wouldn’t be embarrassed. Jesus performs the miracle of feeding five thousand people who had followed him and the 12 apostles out of town to be healed and taught by the men who performed miracles. It was late so the disciples said to Jesus to send them back for food, but Jesus said they should feed them. They had five loaves of bread and two fish. Jesus looked up to heaven and thanked for the bread as he broke it, then gave to his disciples to hand out. The did until everyone was full and brought back 12 baskets of leftovers. Later he sent the disciples by boat to Bethsaida while he went to pray on the mountain. When he went to join them he saw them far out in the water straining to row because of the wind so he walked towards them over the water. When he walked past they shouted in fright at the ghost but he said “Take courage! It is I. Don’t be afraid,” Mark 6:50 and got on board as the wind died down.Chapter 7Jesus’s disciples eat their food with hands unwashed in ceremonial washing. The Pharisees criticized Jesus and ask why he allows them to eat “unclean” food and why they don’t follow the tradition of the elders. He then explains to them that the Pharisees are not following the commands of God but instead hold onto the traditions of men. That the traditions they follow are ones that have found ways to disobey God’s word. He then explains how therefor nothing that goes into your body can be “unclean” only things that come out can, since what goes in, goes to your stomach and then out again, but what come out, comes from your heart. Things like “evil thoughts, sexual immorality, murder, adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance, and folly” (Mark 7:21-22) are things man thinks and come from instead to out and those are the things that make him unclean. In Sidon, he met a man who was deaf and mute, who people asked if he could be cured. Jesus took him aside and put his fingers in the man’s ear and spat on and touched his tongue, looked to heaven and sighed “be opened” and the man was cured. He warned him not to tell others, but the more he said so the more people did. Chapter 8The disciples want to feed the crowd of 4000 before they go home, but don’t know how to with 7 loaves of bread and two fish. Jesus orders the disciples to break them as they did before and it worked, they received 7 baskets of leftovers from the now sufficed crowd. When Jesus and his disciples left by boat, the were stopped and questioned by the Pharisees, who asked to see a sign from heaven, to which Jesus replied, “I tell you the truth, no sign will be given to it.” Mark 8:12 On the boat the disciples only have one loaf left and are scared they won’t survive, Jesus says to them: “Why are you talking about having no bread? Do you still not see or understand? Are your hearts hardened? Do you have eyes but fail to see, and ears but fail to hear? And don’t you remember? When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many basketfuls of pieces did you pick up?””Twelve,” they replied. “And when I broke the seven loaves for the four thousand, how many basketfuls of pieces did you pick up?”They answered, “Seven.”He said to them, “Do you still not understand?” Mark 8:17-21 (Questioning why they still do not believe in him that he will provide for them as he did twice before) When in Bethsaida, a blind man was brought to Jesus and asked to be healed. Jesus healed him and told him to not tell anyone in the village. While travelling Jesus asked his disciples who people thought he was. They replied John the Baptist, Elijah, and some, one of the prophets. He then asked who they thought he was and Peter said the Christ/ Messiah. Jesus said not to mention that to anyone else. He then predicts his death, referring to himself as the Son of Man, and tells that he must be killed and will rise after three days. Peter is angry for Jesus talking like this, Jesus tells him to get away from him, calling Peter Satan. He says to him and the others ” For whoever wants to save his life and soul will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me will and for the gospel will save it.”(Mark 8:35) Then asks them: “What good is it for a man to gain the whole world yet forfeit his soul?… If anyone is ashamed of me in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him when he come in his Father’s glory with the holy angels.” (Mark 8:38)Interpretations in modern life The reason Mark 1-8 was written was to show who Jesus was by telling his stories and that is how it is used today. Jesus teaches us to follow God’s rules not man’s. For example in the chapter 7 where he deconstructed the pharisees ideals on eating unclean food. Jesus says that it is an unnecessary rule made by man that disobeys Gods rules since it doesn’t matter what goes in but what comes out of you. It shows that we shouldn’t put man above God. Throughout Mark 1-8 shows how even Jesus’ most dedicated followers, the disciples, kept losing faith in jesus despite knowing who he was and what he could do. In modern day it guides people to trust in Jesus more because he will always be there for you. Jesus helps people in times of crisis, even if it’s last minute he will pull through which provides a feeling of comfort. like he did when he calmed the storm. (Mark 5) In the second feeding of thousands of people, the disciples were confused at what to do even though Jesus has solved it before. He did it again, this time proving he can perform miracles twice and you should have faith in him. (Mark 8)People look at these chapters to see how Jesus was special and how to be more like him. Jesus teaches people to have humility by not claiming fame for his miracles. He always tells people to not talk about his miracles and yet they still do, wanting fame when Jesus doesn’t, he stays above the greed of men. Im our opinion it has influence daily lives all over the world not necessarily in the most obvious way but embedded deep in the basis of our society. We think that it is not only important for Christians, but others outside of religion to have the morals in these stories, like helping others (Jesus and the tax collector) and not doing things for selfish reasons when you know it’s wrong (King Herod and John the Baptist). The stories in these chapters are ones often taught to young christians because they teach lessons in Christianity and life. For example help those in need rather than those who want (mark 2), and how there is no rest day for being good, since being good is not work(Mark 3).