This study
revealed that mothers’ health-seeking behaviours are influenced by different
socio-demographic characteristics and economic
conditions, which in turn have an impact on the child’s health condition. In
the developing countries, several socioeconomic and demographic factors have
been identified as having a strong relationship with infant and child mortality
differentials- the age of the mother at the time of the child’s birth is an
important factor for infant and child survival (Galway et al. 1987), for
example. Our study found that educational level of women is directly
linked to the personal care and health care of their babies, a finding which is
in line with a United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) finding that educating
mothers enables them to keep their babies safe. The importance of mothers’
education is also supported by a variety of other studies. Caldwell (1979) argued that other things being equal,
children of educated mothers experienced lower mortality than the children of
uneducated mothers. It is postulated that maternal education inculcates modern
health knowledge, beliefs and practices, improves the effectiveness of health
behaviour (feeding practices, child care etc.) and changes the mother’s role
within the family, enabling her to take the necessary measures to promote child
health, including effective use of modern health services (Streatfield K et al.
1990). The father’s occupation is another important predictor of good child health
since it determines the economic status, nutrition and housing conditions,
access to health care facilities and clothing of a family. In our study, we
found a positive relationship between family income and health-seeking
behaviour. Place of delivery is also an
important determinant of child survival (Rodolfo et al. 2000). In this study, most child deliveries took place in the
home and there was no medical check-up of the child after birth. Studied cases explained
the reasons for not exclusively breastfeeding as the new-born was not sucking the breast; immediately
after delivery shortage of milk; local people prohibits to breastfeed the
new-born because they think after delivery both the mother and the baby became
unclean and impure; and the daye (traditional birth attendant) suggested not
breastfeed the baby without bathing. Nutritional
status of children determined by feeding practices and reduces the
vulnerability of them (Hobcraft et al. 1984; WHO
1998). Our study revealed that all mothers breastfed their babies but
most of them didn’t give colostrum to them. However, colostrum
cleans the digestive system and hence provides nourishment as well first
immunization. The data from our study revealed that most mothers gave homemade
complementary foods to the babies; in some cases, infants were given the
regular family food without any alteration. In
addition, results also showed that children health status indicated that
they are suffered from common childhood illnesses, with fever occurring most
frequent and asthma occurring rarely. Therefore, to
sum up we can say that different socio-economic factors are responsible for
mothers’ health-seeking behaviour which in turn influences child health status. 

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