The
idea of the police and the public working together to help reduce crime is the
cornerstone of community policing. Efforts to enhance the relationship between
the public and the police should be a top priority. If every member of the
public was treated as if they were an important part of stopping crime from
infiltrating the community, they may be more likely to work with police
officers. Overlooking certain members of the community can lead to a one-sided,
biased point of view about what is happening. Perhaps certain individuals are
not as credible as others, but they still may have something relevant to
contribute to an investigation. Getting multiple perspectives from different
members of the community and talking with people from all walks of life would
create a sense of unity and result in people working together for the common
good. If people felt as though police officers were working with them and not
against them they might be more willing to comply with their requests and
answer questions truthfully. By prioritizing the relationship between law
enforcement agents and members of the public many enhancements to policing
could take place.

There
are different types of policing methods that all prove to be beneficial in
helping to fend off crime. Both tactical and strategical efforts are important
in crime fighting efforts. Information that can be utilized immediately would
qualify as tactical intelligence. Strategic intelligence involves working to
gather information to identify an appropriate course of action. Examining these
patterns can prove very beneficial in preventing crime for occurring. All types
of policing tend to be similar, because they intersect and share a common goal,
to effectively reduce or eliminate crime. Yet these various types of policing
are fundamentally different in terms of operations and methods of acquiring
intelligence. Efficiency of community policing rests on establishing
familiarity and greater transparency between police officers and members of the
public. Problem-Oriented Policing concentrates on pooled facts and data to
identify specific areas of frequent crime and types of frequent crime in that
specific area. Intelligence-Led Policing relies on all this information
combined, to apply it to tactical and strategic crime fighting within the
department force. They are all beneficial strategies of policing and offer an
insight into improving operations within law enforcement.

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            The idea of community members making
up the police force, and working together was exemplified by the early English
policing model. This early English system was made up of members of the
community and is similar to the idea of community policing because community
members were very involved in helping to maintain order. Today, police officers
hold a much more official authority than they did back then, since early
English policing was less formal and less organized. Currently police officers
are sometimes viewed as ‘above-the-law’ by members of the general public rather
than members of the community. This view can make it difficult for the police
and the public to work together. These early policing structures helped to
shape the basis of all police forces today which shows there is a significant
benefit to involving the public in an effort to eliminate crime by working
together.  

            Investigative detectives normally use three methods of
data collection including specific, general and informative components. Strategies
such as undercover assignments and staging sting operations have proved to be successful
ways to apprehend criminals. This is very hands on police work, and can be
dangerous for the officer in some instances. The paper work affiliated with
criminal investigations can be overwhelming and incredibly time consuming, yet
it is essential in successful convictions as well as creating new policing
techniques. The creation of specialized units within the police force can also
lead to a more organized investigational flow. The police force also has access
to cutting edge technology to help them identify criminals which has helped to
enhance the process of the investigation.

            By focusing on the areas that are high in incivility, and
isolating the nature of these occurrences, they can put the proper measures in
place to thwart criminal activity. These types of preliminary crime measures
and preventative policing stop the rates of these crimes from climbing. Taking
a hands-on approach and using personal problem solving to stop crime can be
very useful. Yet it is crucial that these officers keep in mind the rules of
the law so that all evidence obtained is ruled admissible in court.

            Proper enforcement of the law begins with the intention
of serving the community. Considering that most of an officer’s time is spent
handling minor disturbances within the community their main goal should be to
maintain stability. Community service creates a sense of trust and acquaints
the police with the public. Maintaining balance within the community will lead
to less crime in general. Many law enforcement agents have been hired to
establish a presence within the community through patrols and deter crime in a
proactive manner.

The
government is spending more money now than ever before on efforts to increase police
patrols and militarize police operations. The force is more organized and operating
under a very clear-cut set of standards and rules. With frequent news stories
regarding injustice by the hands of law enforcement, it is very important for
police officers to adhere to the guidelines set regarding the law. Fairness and
equality are goals promoted amongst law enforcement agencies through
requirements such as the time-in-rank system. Essential police experience is
gained by spending time in lower ranking positions while earning respect and
gaining knowledge along the way. Those who exhibit effort and consistency while
in lower ranking positions prove that they take their position seriously and
earn advancement. It is important to establish oneself amongst the community as
an upstanding officer and gain the peoples trust, while simultaneously gaining
a personal perspective of the public, before being promoted to a higher rank.

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