The Kingdom of Bahrain is located in Asia. It is the smallest country in the Gulf Region. It is an island situated in the Arabian Gulf. The nearest neighboring country from the East and South-east is Qatar, and from the West and South-west is Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Bahrain today possesses all the elements of the world capital of culture, rare treasures and antiques that date back to 5,000 years, with museums characterized by the uniqueness of its architecture inspired by the Sumerians and Dilmun to the Islamic renaissance. In the past, Bahrain used to be considered a paradise due to its high value and importance, and it was a center of excellence for trade and economy. Therefore, many were interested in Bahrain such the Babylonians, Greek, Persians and Arab, as demonstrated in the history and culture of the kingdom. CIVILIZATION OF BAHRAIN THROUGH THE HISTORY Several civilizations were established in Bahrain region through its history. Here the main eras are discussed. Dilmun (2800-323 BCE) Dilmun civilization was established in the early third millennium BCE. It has occupied the current Bahrain and the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Kuwait. Graves in the form of small plateaus were found in the area, and their numbers were more than 150 thousand plateaus. Some of them when opened included skeletons, while others were empty. These graves are not the only evidence of the existence of civilization in Bahrain, but the most indicative evidence. Dilmun Civilization dates back to time of King Gilgamesh. That king intended to seek the mystery of eternity, therefore he was searching for his desired Eternity Tree deep in the sea. They believed that it was the land of the eternity, with no death or illness, and that whoever lives there remains young all his life. The action of the king led to the discovery of one of the most precious thing that Bahrain stores, which is pearl. The people in Dilmun used to worship different gods, and the king must be a servant for the god. The kingdom of Dilmun was often under the control of the rulers of Mesopotamia and the tribute was paid to them. The system of ruling was to inherit the throne. Later Sargon the Akkadian king attacked it and burned its old city and then put the area under his rule. Statutes demonstrate some of the gods used to be worshiped in Dilmun There are many historical monuments that show the civilization of Dilmun such as: 1-The largest historic cemetery in the world (as mentioned above). The old historic cemetery in A’ali. 2- Old cities and temples 3- Potsherds 4- Bahrain Castle. 5-Barbar Temple Dilmun had contact with Mesopotamia, Harappan (Indus) Civilization, Persia and East Africa. Some of the hallmarks of the Dilmun civilization include circular stamp seals and their own weights (weight measure). Dilmun is also mentioned in connection with the copper trade, in cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia. Archeological finds also indicate Dilmun’s flourishing trade and economic importance. Dilmun was also involved in fishing and pearl diving.