Spain
is located in extreme southwestern Europe
on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of
Portugal. The Spanish name for Spain is España.
Spain is the third-largest country in Europe Spain’s capital and largest city is
Madrid and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, a strong
economy and very high living standards. The second
largest city is Barcelona, which is located in Catalonia. Spain includes a
number of islands including Mallorca, Tenerife, Ibiza and Gran Canaria.The population of just under 47 million is the sixth largest in Europe Spanish is the second most widely
spoken language in the world
 Around six million people live in Madrid
and five million in Barcelona. Spain is a developed
country with a high quality of life.

History

    The history of Spain dates back to the Early Middle Ages. In Habsburg, Spain unified a number of
disparate predecessor kingdoms. After the completion of the Reconquista, the kingdoms of Spain
were united under Habsburg rule that unified the Crown of Castile, the Crown of Aragon and smaller
kingdoms under the same rule. At the same time, the Spanish Empire began after the
Discovery of America in 1492, marking the beginning of the Golden Age of Spain,
during which, from the early 1500s to the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was the most
powerful state in the world During this period, Spain was involved in all major
European wars, including the Italian Wars, the Eighty Years’ War,
the Thirty Years’ War,
and the Franco-Spanish War.
In the later 17th century, however, Spanish power began to decline, and after
the death of the last Habsburg ruler, the War of the Spanish  ended
with the relegation of Spain, but as the century ended, instability set in with
the French Revolution and
the Peninsular War,
so that Spain never regained its former strength.

            what the French  revolution was depends, perhaps more than any
other major historical event, on what you choose to believe about it. Was it a
great epoch in the history of the modern West, or an ugly and unnecessary carnage?
Was it the product of the collapse of the French state from inside, or of irresistible
social pressures? Was it a brave attempt to create a constitutional state
betrayed by irresponsible radicals, or a radical bid to bring happiness to the
world betrayed by compromisers and aristocrats? Was it a doomed descent into
anarchic violence, or a desperate, but managed, e_ort to resist enemies on all
sides?It has been all these things, not just in the longer term of history, but
within the debates and memories of its participants. Every subsequent generation
has imposed its ideas and concerns onto the fabric of revolutionary events but
none has succeeded in doing more than establishing (” History Today,” 2016).

Cultur

     The cultures of Spain are
European cultures, Spanish culture is
widely known for Flamenco music and dance, bullfights, fantastic beaches and
lots of sunshine. There is a festival that is
celebrated in Spain that is about the Christmas Story. It is called Epiphany and is celebrated on 6th
January.  But what is Spain known for? It has much more to offer
than that. It is – and has been for thousands of years, one of the cultural
centers of Europe, and most traditional Spanish clothing is reserved for
special events and celebrations. The most common pieces, still used today,
include: the mantilla,
the peineta and the
gilet. Mantilla: The mantilla is a traditional Spanish
veil piece that is often worn during religious celebrations such as Spanish weddings,
and in the past “Paris and London abandoned their wheel-shaped
farthingales. In the mid-

1630s in Spain,
the verdugado began to evolve into a new kind of hoopskirt that combined the
hip-extending framework of the French farthingale with the hoops of the Spanish
verdugado”      (“Renaissance Quarterly,” Spring2015).

Food

       Originating in Valencia, paella is a rice dish prepared with seafood.
Of all the foods in Spain, this is the most popular, Lamb is Especially popular
in Northern Spain. Sangria
is without a doubt one of the most popular drinks in Spain, especially during
summertime, and for breakfast. While an American traditional breakfast has pancakes, bacon,
and eggs, the Spanish traditional breakfast consists of the vastly
popular churros, served sprinkled with sugar or dunked in hot chocolate.”Nearly
500 years after Columbus, Spain’s most delicious dining tradition has finally
discovered America.Tapas, the little appetizers Spaniards have nibbled before
dinner for centuries, are turning up frequently at American luncheons and
dinner parties”( “Nyenhuis, 1987”).