Shokri (2017) defines a successful
political power as a power that uses its skills and political elements to
sustain the implementation of plans set for a specific community. Power is the
offspring of the successful leadership that influences all people and governs
all the outcomes towards the policies of a community. The channel that helps
accomplish these policies and manage human resources is called political power.

According to Parsons (1963), essentially outstanding leaders become a fine
balance between abilities, behaviours, sources of power, and aspects of the
situation. These become the determining factors in the ability to influence
followers and accomplish group objectives. Therefore, any group, at any one
time, may assume a leadership role, given any degree of innate traits and the
circumstances surrounding the event. Different people who can effectively
influence what the group does, how it is done and the method by which the group
relates to one another could carry out various leadership functions; hence,
gain a political power. The most effective measure of a power competency is the
extent to which the group attains its goals and this concept cannot be
accomplished without acquired political strategies that result from consistency
and control. This essay examines the elements and strategies of a political
power and it furnishes this paper with proper examples from American political
situations.

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The first important element of power is
legitimacy, and it can be achieved by utilizing multiple forms of media to
cater targeted purpose. Media is an indispensable channel that helps achieve
legitimacy that ensures the acceptance of citizens to be governed or ruled by a
political system. According to Hume (1965), legitimacy cannot be achieved
without appealing to the citizens. Hence, media power contributes to the
effectiveness of the political power if used properly. Couldry (2001) defines
media power as:

Media power means here the concentration of
symbolic power in media institutions, particularly those of television, radio
and the press. (Couldry, 2001)

After examining this definition, the power
can be portrayed through the use of different means of media, but what matters
is the integrity of plans and their rationale that would ultimately flow in the
public interest of a community. Integrity and rationale are other conflicting
issues that pave the way for effective political power. If this manifestation is
not maintained; as a result, the political power will eventually lose its
legitimacy and citizens’ acceptance. Therefore, political strategies must be
set forth to gain and maintain power. The first powerful strategy is to plan
for a specific interval of time and this plan should be adhered to by actors
and successors. Such plans must evoke productivity and morale in order to
create an irreplaceable power that results from a painstaking understanding of
how the policies function. For example, US presidential campaigns perpetually
focus on the longitudinal plans that overcome economic or political struggles
and safeguard the citizens’ welfare. These campaigns show the intellectual
property of the candidates. If they follow this strategic approach, not only
will they gain power, but also this power will be maintained.

Influence is previously defined as a source
of power; thus, influence is identified by controlling the outcomes of the
peoples’ attitudes and behaviours. According to Mokken and Stokman (1976), this
influence cannot have constraints and it can recognize the behaviours of the
representatives and their choices upon the availability of resources. In
contrast, force is a sign of a powerless system as power is characterized by
integrity, legitimacy, and freedom.

Pertaining to Sarros, Brian,
Cooper, & Santora (2008), to maintain a solid degree of integrity and
the ability to influence citizens internally and externally, one must be able
to gain the approval of people involved to make an idea reality. The ability to
develop cooperative relations, to be a team player and to create an atmosphere
that supports a high degree of collegiality, marks the true political power.

Hartman and DesJardins (2008) stress the point that power is further challenged
by the ability to motivate others, often over a long period of time, and guide
others effectively.

 

Power is a polemic issue according to its
elements or it counts on the different interpretations of it. According to
Shokri (2017), power is characterized by its aptitude, high values,
determination, and endurance. He mentioned that:

Power is the potential that one actor
within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will
despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which that probability rests.

(Shokri, 2017)

Dahl
(1957) showed the relationship between influence and power is reciprocal; in
other words, power cannot be achieved without accomplishing appropriate
influence to yield legitimacy and maintain a degree of integrity. Solidarity must
not be taken for granted as a powerful system should sustain the cohesion and
acquiesce.  

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