Mercedes Craig                                                                                                                                Period:3                                                                        Introducing Costa RicaCosta Rica is located in Central America and expands from northwest to southeast, Costa Rica is attached by Nicaragua to near the Caribbean sea. Along the northeastern coastline by Panama to the southeast and the pacific ocean along southwestern coastline. The country’s narrowest point and the distance between the pacific and caribbean is only about 75 miles. The capital of Costa Rica is San Jose. The main language spoken there is spanish and the people of Costa Rica are Roman Catholic. The population is around 4,857.Costa Rica has two mountains that run together almost the length of the island. These are in the north, Cordillera Volcanica noted for volcanic activity and in the south Cordillera de Talamanca. The Cordillera Volcanica can be divided into three parts from northwest to southeast: the Cordillera de Guancaste, the Cordillera de Tilaran and the Cordillera Central. The active volcanoes pose as a hazard and so does earthquakes.Arenal Volcano is about 56 miles northwest of San Jose and is the youngest stratovolcano. Arenals last eruption was in 1968 ruining two villages. Costa also have many jungles and rainforests.  Costa Rica was founded in 1502 by Christopher Columbus who was sailing on his final journey. Costa Rica has had some wars over the years starting when Mexico rebelled against Spain in 1821, Costa Rica and the rest of Central America followed along. Two years later, Costa Rica wanted to become part of Mexico, fueling a civil war in the country’s center between four neighboring cities. After the republican cities of San Jose and Alajuela lost the pro-Mexican Heredia & Cartago, government was settled. Costa Rica is mostly noticed as having the most established and democratic government.  In 1949 the constitution produced a unicameral legislature, a judicial system and an electoral body. When President Ferrer’s was elected he held a lot of  power, the army made many changes in policies and civil rights. Women and colored people gained the right vote, the communist party was revoked, banks were nationalized, and presidential term limits were established. Ferrer was really popular, creating a heirloom that solidly bonded Costa Rica’s liberal democratic values. There are many different types of presidents in Costa Rica’s history, the first president was Juan Mora Fernandez, elected in 1824. Mostly remembered for his reconstruction of his land, Mr, Fernandez followed a continuing course but created an successful class of barons. The barons later terminated the nation’s first president, then they elected Juan Rafael Mora. It was under Mora’s power that Costa Rican volunteers managed to defeat a would-be conqueror, then North American named William Walker tried to run Central America.Walker was a southerner who thought that the United States should take over Central America and turn it into a slave state. He was a crazy, and a dangerous. With an army of 50 men, Walker had raided Mexico, where he was taken and then released back to the States. Next Mr.Walker raided Panama, where he shortly gained control before being forced to make a getaway into Costa Rica. After his proposition for an absolute rule that was defeated by Mora’s men, Walker turned his attentions to Honduras. The Hondurans, were not like their antecessors on Walker’s list, they captured him, and he was finally and executed. In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez gathered world acceptance when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending the Nicaraguan civil war. During the conflict, both the Sandanistas and the Contras set up military bases in the northern area of Costa Rica, and Arias was elected under the promise that he would work to put an end to the situation. He was able to get all five Central American presidents to sign his peace plan, and Nicaragua is now experiencing relative stability.  Now Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera is the 47th President of  of Costa Rica. He was sworn into office on May 8, 2014. Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera is a politician and a professor.Costa Rica has so many different foods to choose from such as Gallo Pinto which is a breakfast dish made of rice and beans. The cuisine has roots in both Costa Rican and Nicaraguan culture, and is mostly just called “pinto” by the locals. Gallo Pinto main elements are rice and beans. The ingredients are  mixed together and paired with other ingredients to give it flavor, like peppers, cilantro, and onions. When the beans and rice are mixed together, the color of the rice and beans change making it look like the rice is speckled. This is Gallo Pinto got named, because gallo pinto means “spotted rooster.”     Also they eat Casdo which is not a single dish, but a dish thats made up of many different foods. In fact, Casdo could be thought as an marriage of the foods that are served together, since marriage is the meaning word casado. If you order a casado in Costa Rica, you can expect to be served a plate that has the following: rice, beans, salad, tortillas, fried platano maduro, and meat (beef, chicken or fish). The location within the country will determine which meat you receive, or which you can choose from. A casado also includes fresh fruits. Finally they eat Patacones are deep fried goodness. It’s mostly served as a snack, and consists of making plantains flat and frying them. You can have them anyway you like such as to have them finished off with a tiny bit of sea salt, and served with pico de gallo.