M.Saranya, R.Preethi, M,Rupasri                                       
Dr.S.Veena

UG Student,Department of Computer engineering           Professor,Department of  computer Engineering

S.A. Engineering college                                                  
S.A Engneering College

Chennai Chennai

 

 

Abstract:

IOT devices is used in many fields which make the users
daily life more comfortable. These smart sensors devices is used to
collect  heartbeat  which  is used to assess the health condition of the
patient. Communicating the collected information to the doctor, making exact decision
on the data collected and notifying the patient is the challenging task in the
IOT. This concept proposed to detector patient specification value . In real
world scenario, respective sensors will be placed with patient and normal or
abnormal of patient condition send to Android Application through Wi-Fi or
Bluetooth. The data sent is viewed and analyzed from any remote location.

 

Keywords: IOT, Security, Tools

 

       I.           
INTRODUCTION

Recent
years have seen a rising in wearable sensors and today several devices are
commercially available for personal health care and activity awareness. A
recent health care system should give better health care services to
people at any time anywhere in an affordable and patient friendly way.
Currently, the health care system going to change from a traditional approach
to a modernized patients centered approach. In the traditional way the doctors
play the major role. For necessary diagnosis and advising they need to visit
the patients. There are two basic problems related to this approach. Firstly,
the health care professionals must be place of the patient all the
time and second, the patient remains admitted in the hospital, wired to bedside
biomedical instruments, for a long period. In order to solve this two
problems the patient oriented approach has been received.

  
Recent information from United Nations predicted that there will be 2 billion
older people by 2050. In addition, research indicates that above 89% of the
aged people are likely to live independently. However, medical research found
that above 80% of the aged people older than 65% suffers from at least one
chronic diseases making them to have difficulty in taking care of themselves.
Accordingly, providing a decent quality of life for aged people as become a
serious social issue at that moment. The rapid proliferation of
information and communication technologies is enabling innovative healthcare
solutions and tools that show promise in addressing the above challenges.

  
Now, Internet Of Things (IOT) has become one of the most powerful communication
paradigms of the 21st century. In the IOT environment, all objects in
our daily life become part of the internet due to their communication and computing
capabilities. Heart rate is one of the fundamental physiological limits,
essential for monitoring and diagnosis of patients. To keep people effective
and healthy, a readily accessible modern health care system is proving to
be effective in saving costs, reducing illness and prolonging life. In
this paper, we describe an enhanced healthcare monitoring system, that
is smart phone based and designed to offer wireless
approach and social support to participants.

 

    II.           
INTERNET OF THINGS(IOT)

Internet
of Things (IOT) driven health and wellness monitoring system enables remote and
continuous monitoring of people, with applications in chronic conditions,
such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, stress, preventive care
and wellness. Medical care and healthcare represents one of the most attractive
application areas for the IOT. Digitization and the increasing connectivity
between devices, citizens and their meaningful way. Smart manufacturing becomes
the norm in industry 4.0, where intelligent machines are network so
they can exchange and respond to data to independently manage
industrial production. The internet of things is a transformational concept. In
1999, Kevin Ashton, co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at the Science
Institute of Technology, envisioned an Internet of Things based
on RIFD chips that could enable “things” to communicate with each
other. IOT breaks the confines of traditional computer networks and establishes
connections directly with objects in the physical world. The core concept of
this phenomenon is that IOT allows for “things” to connect to the Internet,
ranging from the significant –airplanes, elevators, solar panels, medical
equipment-to the mandate-toys, soap dispensers and porch lights.

 
The IOT paradigms can play a significant role in improving the health and
wellness of subjects by increasing the availability and quality of care, and
grammatically lowering the treatment costs and frequent travel. The IOT driven
healthcare system employs networked by biosensors to simultaneously collect
multiple physiological signals and wireless connectivity to share
or send gathered signals directly to the cloud diagnostic server and
the caregivers for further analysis and clinical review. Further, the IOT
enabled remote monitoring applications can significantly reduce travel, cost
and time in long-term monitoring applications.

 
In the health and wellness monitoring environment, the IOT has emerged as one
of the most powerful information gathering and sharing paradigms for
personalized healthcare systems, ambient assisted living, uses posture
detection, and activity recognition. Compliance with treatment and medication
at home and healthcare providers is another important potential application. In
this paper, the core concept is based on IOT, the information sensed
from the sensors are gathered and transmitted to the smart
phone through IOT.

 

 III.           
IOT APPLICATIONS OF HEALTHCARE

 

Infirmity/Condition

Sensors used: Operations: IOT Roles/Connections

1.      Diabetes

A non-invasive  opto-physiological sensors.

2.      Wound analysis for
advanced diabetes patients

A smartphone camera:
image decompression and segmentation.

3.      Heart rate monitoring

BLE and Wi-Fi connect
smart devices through an appropriate gateway.

4.      BP monitoring

A wearable BP sensor:
Oscillo-metric and automation inflation and measurements.

5.      Body temperature
monitoring

Wearable body
temperature sensor; skin based temperature measurement

6.      Wheel chair
management

WBAN sensors(eg:
accelerometers, ECG and pressure)

7.      Cough detection

A built in microphone
audio system in the smartphone

8.      Remote surgery

Surgical

 

 

 IV.           
SECURITY IN IOT HEALTHCARE MONITORING

 

For any system, security is
one of the important aspects. People have different opinions about security and
hence it defined in many ways. In general, security is a concept which deals
with safety of the system. Now, the communication in sensor network applications
in healthcare are mostly wireless. This may result in various security
mechanism to these systems. These are the security issues cloud pose serious
problems to the wireless sensor devices. In this section, we describe the key
security requirements in IOT based healthcare system using body sensor network.

A.     Data Privacy

Like
WSN, data privacy is consider the most important challenge in Body Sensor
Network. It protects the data from revelation. Body Sensor Network should
not leak patient’s vital information to external or adjacent networks. In IOT
based healthcare application, the sensor nodes collect and forwards sensitive
facts to a doctor . An adversary can eavesdrop on the communication, and can
overhear critical information.

B.     Data Integrity

Keeping  data confidential does not protect it from
external  modifications. An adversary can
always alter the data by adding some fragments or by manipulating the data with
in a packet. This altered data can be forwarded to the coordinator. Lack of integrity
mechanism is sometimes very dangerous especially in case of Life-critical. Data
loss can also occur due to the bad communication environment.

 

 

 

 

C.     Data Freshness

The
adversary may solutions capture data in send and replay them later using old
key in older to confuse the coördinator. Data freshness implies that data is
fresh and no one can replay the old message.

 

D.    Authentication

It
is one of the most important requirements in any IOT based healthcare system
using Body Sensor Network, which can efficiently deal with the impersonating
attacks. In Body Sensor Network based healthcare system, all the sensor
nodes send their facts to a coördinator. Then the coördinator sends periodic
updates of the patient to  a server. In this context , it is highly
imperative to make sure both identity of the coördinator and the server.
Authentication helps to confirm their identity to each other.

E.     Anonymity

A
more satisfactory property of the anonymity is the un-tracability, which
guarantees that the adversary can neither discern who the patient is not can
tell apart whether two conversations originate from same patient. Thus,
anonymity hides the source of a packet during wireless communication. It is a
service that can enable confidentiality.

    V.           
LITERATURE SURVEY

 

A.    
A
Reliable IOT system for personal healthcare devices

In this paper, describes a reliable one M2M based IOT system
for healthcare devices .In the proposed one M2M based IOT system for personal
healthcare device is constructed , and evaluated in various experiments. Some
personal healthcare device data is too precious to lose due to system failures
under u-healthcare environments .However, until now, few studies have focused
on fault tolerance health data services. Therefore,
it proposed a fault tolerance algorithm for the reliable IOT system in which
gateway on the same layer in the system combine to form a daisy chain for
fault tolerance at the level, and a gateway stores a backup copy of the
previous gateway positioned immediately ahead of the gateway in  the daisy
chain. It may system get suffer a serious performance degradation from
conversion process.

 

B.     Tensor Decomposition for Monitoring Multi-person
breathing beats with commodity WIFI

Breathing signal monitoring can
provide important clues for health problems, compared to existing techniques
that require wearable devices and special equipments, a more desirable approach
is to provide contact free and long term breathing rate monitoring by
exploiting wireless signals . It experimental study shows that tensor beat can
achieve high accuracy under different environments for multi person breathing rate
monitoring data’s are not secured, if multiple users can use single WIFI it
leads to slow in speed.

 

C.    Real time Tele-monitoring of patients with
chronic Heart failures using a smart phone

This paper describes the smart
phone based system for real time tele-monitoring of Physical activity
inpatience with chronic heart failure. It proposed monitoring in the real world
that examines its requirements, privacy implications, usability and other
challenges . Enquanted by the
participants and health care providers. Although the system was designed for
tele-monitoring  individuals with CHF,
the challenges, privacy considerations.

 

D.    A Wireless Health Monitoring System Using
Mobile Phone Accessories

This paper presents the design and
prototype of wireless health monitoring system using mobile phone accessories.
It focuses on measuring real time electro cardiogram(ECG). And heart rate
monitoring using a smart phone case with the increasing number of Cardiac
patients world wide, this design can be used for easly deduction of heart
disease. Disadvantage of this paper, patient datas collected by the phone
eventhough it is not secured

 

E.     Accurate Heart Rate Monitoring During
Physical Exercises Using PPG

Challenging task of heart rate
estimation from the Photo Plethysmo Graphic(PPG) Signal , during intensive physical exercises, is tackled in this
paper. Additionally, an offline version of the HRE stimulation algorithm that
uses viter by decoding is designed for scenarios that do not require online HR
Monitoring.

 

F.    
Smart
Self Regulatory Health System

Healthcare industry has proven its
technically abundant applications at other industries with the help of many
concepts like IOT and cloud computing. It has transformed its techniques by
using intelligent gadgets that can be acquainted with patients in different
configurations. This commences the preferences
of using IOT based smart devices to deliver more valuable data to the patient.

 

G.   
A novel
IOT based health monitoring system using LPC2129

The focus on this paper is to
implement IOT based health monitoring transportable system for the measurement of
the heart rate and body fat, using LPC2129 Arm processor Development board. Describes a transportable system with wireless
transmission capabilities.

 

H.   
An IOT
based E-Health Monitoring system using ECG signal sign in or purchase to view
full text

An
IOT based healthcare system implementation scheme using Hidden Markov
model(HMM) chain and Electro-Cardiogram(ECG) sensors within the context of
E-health. Intervention for Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) patients thereby
enhancing medical services for such patients.

I.      
IOT
based application for E-health an improvisation for lateral rotation

Internet
of Things has penetrated into our day to day activities in one way or the other
IOT application provides a huge opportunity for application in health care
system, improving patients quality life. The combination of embedded systems, sensors
and actuators associated with constant monitoring of patients.

J.     
Real
time patient monitoring system based on Internet of Things

The remote monitoring systems
include, vehicle or assets monitoring, kids/pets monitoring fleet management,
water and oil leakage, energy grid monitoring etc. Critical condition of a
patient by processing sensors data and instantly provides push notification.

K.    
IOT
based patient information monitoring system by using RFID technologies

Wireless
body Area Networks (WBANs) and Radio frequency identification are important
components of IOT systems. The combination of embedded systems, sensors and
actuators associated with constant monitoring of patients.

 

 

 

 

S.NO

TITLE

YEAR AND AUTHOR

CONCEPT

DISADVANTAGE

1.

Connecting
Intelligent Things in Smart Hospitals using NB-IOT

Haibin
Zhang, Jianpeng Li,Bo Wen,Yijie Xun,Jiajia Liu 2018

The
widespread use of Internet of Things(IOT),especially smart wearables, will
play an important role in improving the quality of health care, bringing
convenience for patients and improving the management level of hospitals

Due to
the limitation of communication protocol, there exists non unified
architecture that can connect all intelligent

2

Smart
Self regulatory health system

Chaitanya
Kulkarni, Snehal Kenjale, Manasi patil, Chinmay Kulkarni 2017

Healthcare
industry has proven its technically abundant applications at other industries
with the help of many concepts like IOT and cloud computing. It has
transformed its techniques by using intelligent gadgets that can be
acquainted with patients in different configurations

This
commences the preferences of using IOT based smart devices to deliver more
valuable data to the patient

3

A novel
IOT based health monitoring system using LPC2129

Melisa
pereira,Kamath k nagapriya,2017

The focus
on this paper is to implement IOT based health monitoring transportable
system for the measurement  of the
heart rate and body fat, using LPC2129 Arm processor Development board

Describes
a transportable system with wireless transmission capabilities

4

An IOT
based E-Health Monitoring system using ECG signal sign in or purchase to view
full text

Maryem
Neyja,Shahid Mumtaz, Kazi Mohammed saidal Huq,Sherif Adeshina busari,Jonathan
rodrioguez 2017

An IOT
based healthcare system implementation scheme using Hidden Markov model(HMM)
chain and Electro Cardiogram(ECG) sensors within the context of E-health

Intervention
for Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) patients thereby enhancing medical services
for such patients

5

IOT based
application for E-health an improvisation for lateral rotation

Shubangi
Nataraja,Poornima Nataraja 2017

Internet
of Things has penetrated into our day to day activities in one way or the
other IOT application provides a huge opportunity for application in health
care system, improving patients quality life

The
combination of embedded systems, sensors and actuators associated with
constant monitoring of patients

6

Real time
patient monitoring system based on Internet of Things

Mohammad
salah uddin,Jannet Binta Alam,Suraiya Banu 2017

The
remote monitoring systems include, vehicle or assets monitoring, kids/pets
monitoring fleet management, water and oil leakage, energy grid monitoring
etc

Critical condition
of a patient by processing sensors data and instantly provides push
notification
 

7

IOT based
patient information monitoring system by using RFID technologies

Faruk
Aktas,Celal Ceken,Yunus Emre Erdemli 2016

Wireless
body Area Networks (WBANs) and Radio frequency identification are important
components of IOT systems

WBANs are
embedded devices which consists of sensor nodes , and are capable of sensing
many vital physiological data

8

A
reliable IOT system for personal Healthcare Devices
 

Min Woo Woo,
JongWhi Lee, KeeHyun Park
2017

In the proposed
one M2M based IOT system for personal healthcare device is constructed ,and
evaluated in various experiments , it
proposed a fault tolerance algorithm for the reliable IOT system in which
gateway on the same layer in the system are linked to form a daisy chain for
fault tolerance at the level
 

The  system suffers from a serious  performance degradation from conversion
process.
 
 

 

 

 

 

 VI .    CONCLUSION

In this paper, We have discussed various mechanisms and
algorithms for healthcare monitoring using IOT. With this proposed, we overcome
the disadvantages from the existing mechanism, it is more efficient method to
monitor the health parameters of patients. This system has the advantage of
less cost, less analysis, time, low power consumption. By this, the accurate
and effective measurement of heart rate of patients is possible and makes an
efficient system in the field like medical. Wireless sensors data will be sent
to server using IOT with secure.

 

 

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