Linguists predict that at least six thousand of the world’s current languages will die by the year 2100. In the article “Vanishing Voices” by Russ Rymer, it states that fourteen languages die every single day. A dead language is a language that is no longer spoken in everyday vernacular. Languages are a very important part of understanding history and culture, thus creating an importance to preserve these moribund and disappearing languages. Dying languages need to be preserved in order to understand the history and culture of the word further.  Some of the most common dead or disappearing languages include Latin, Ancient Hebrew, Ancient Greek, Biblical Hebrew, and many more. Learning these native languages provide the world with a sense of culture. Also, if more people start learning endangered languages, there is a change of them being saved.  Although there is no way to stop a language from dying, it is important to try and preserve the languages that are capable of being saved. In order to understand how these languages are disappearing, it is important to understand where these languages are disappearing and what is causing them to die so rapidly. There was a study that was conducted based of field research and statistics provided by the National Geographic Society and the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages. This study used the information to determine that Northern Australia, Central South America, North America’s upper Pacific coastal zone, Eastern Siberia, Oklahoma, and Southwest United States are the regions in the world where languages are most rapidly disappearing. Knowing where the languages are disappearing is the first step to trying to preserve them. People should focus on areas that have languages inclined to die. If people know where the languages are dying, they are more likely to write them down and preserve them. Although, writing the languages down will not solve Mtholyoke says, “Global economic patterns often force small, non industrialized communities to assimilate to a different culture.” Many of these languages are disappearing because natives are abandoning their native language in order to communicate in other popular languages. These more popular and universally spoken languages include English, Spanish, Chinese, Mandarin, Arabic, Hindi, and more. Scholar predict that only five percent of existing languages are safe from becoming extinct. This gives people a clear idea that they should do everything in their power to try and save these endangered languages. Even though so many languages are no longer spoken by natives, some languages are still used in other contexts. Commonly, scholar intent to learn new languages in search to understand culture more indepthly. The most common of dead languages is Latin. These moribund languages are applied in specific contexts, but currently do not have any native speakers. Latin is the most commonly used dead language. Latin is mostly used in schools as a language class. It no longer has native speakers, but some people continue to try and learn and understand the language. Benjamin Auslin of Financial Times says that Latin is “more necessary than ever to teach us critical thinking and powerful expression.” Latin is most commonly used in a learning environments, such as school. Even though, many kids consider Latin to be useless because it is not used in any part of the world. Many linguists argue whether or not Latin “died” because it was used as a root for other languages. The definition of a dead language says that a dead language  means  Some of these languages that are derived from Latin include French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, and so on. Overall, learning a native and dying language can help preserve a diverse culture in society.Ancient Hebrew is also considered to be a stagnant language by most scholars. A broad definition of Ancient Hebrew is the use of the language in ancient times and the bible, also called Biblical Hebrew. When most people hear that Ancient Hebrew is a dead language, they disagree. They argue that Hebrew is still spoken natively in Israel, which is true. The language spoken in Israel today, Hebrew, is not the same language that was written in the bible, Ancient Hebrew. Thus, clearing the confusion between Hebrew and Ancient Hebrew. There used to exist a vicinity in which the Hebrew language was no longer spoken, but written down. Ancient Hebrew is first referenced to in Genesis fourteen where Abraham is classified as a Hebrew. In the bible, Ancient Hebrew was used to communicate between people. Some scholars, such as Paul Wexler and Ghil’ad Zuckermann, back up the idea that Hebrew is a new language because modern Hebrew has little to no roots of a Semitic past (Pereltsvaig). Ancient Hebrew is associated mainly with the bible, a very important part of culture. Learning how to understand small parts of Ancient Hebrew can reveal more about the Catholic and Christian culture. Another commonly used language is Sanskrit. Sanskrit is considered to be one of the oldest, if not the oldest language, of all the human languages. The manifesto of Sanskrit as a mortified language is a very controversial topic amongst linguists. It is commonly argued amongst linguists that Sanskrit cannot be described as a dead language because it is still used more commonly than other dead languages. Many people will argue that Sanskrit is not dead because it is still spoken, written, and read. There is an ongoing debate on whether or not Sanskrit should be considered a dead language because it has some native speakers but is mostly used as a root for other languages spoken in India. Sanjoy Majumder of BBC News describes Sanskrit as controversial because it is spoken in one state in India. Sanskrit is also in schools as an optional language. He then adds that “only 1% of students choose to learn Sanskrit” because they prefer to learn “more relevant languages such as French, German, and even Mandarin.” Similar to Latin, Sanskrit is used as a root for many other languages in India. The census of India reported that Sanskrit fourteen thousand one hundred and thirty-five people described Sanskrit as their primary language. Students that study in India are exposed to more native culture than those who study in America. This is because India has a native language, Sanskrit, that is used as a root for most of the other languages. When people in India study a language in school, they learn far more about the culture and people rather than the words of the language itself. “Language impacts the daily lives of members of any race, creed, and region of the world” (Valoes). Learning ways to preserve dying languages can prove to be beneficial in the long run. People should be willing to learn new languages and culture to prevent more languages from going extinct. Of the seven billion inhabitants in the world, there are only about six thousand different languages. Despite the abundance of languages, there are only approximately five dominant languages. The dominant languages are English, Spanish, Russian, Mandarin, and Hindi and they are spoken by almost half of the world’s population (“How to Prevent Extinction”). The author also adds that linguists predict that the dominant five languages will overpower the other languages. Due to the rapid decline of languages, something needs to be done in order to preserve these languages. One way to help preserve these languages is to learn them in any way possible. Students could be given a wider option of languages to learn in school. Despite the ability to learn new native languages, many people choose not to take uncommon languages. They consider learning these languages irrelevant because they might not be as helpful as the dominant languages. Another reason native languages are forgotten is because natives are in search of learning dominant languages. Once these native have learned a native language, they are so caught up in using the dominant language that they forget their native language. This leads to a more rapid decline of languages. There can be a solution on how to prevent languages from dying of ridiculous causes such as forgetfulness. A reason such as forgetfulness can be be solved by writing the language down. Dr. Harrison and Gregory D.S. Anderson, directors of the Living Tongues Institute, and Chris Rainier, a filmmaker in the National Geographic Society, travelled to many parts of the world in hopes of recording native languages to prevent extinction. If a language is critically endangered, there is a slim to no chance of bring the language back. Instead of trying to bring the language back, people should try and keep a record of it. In order to keep native languages from perishing, a solution needs to be created on how to keep these language remembered by many. Michael Krauss, director of the Alaska Native Language Center, renders that ninety percent of languages today are inclined to dissipate or begin dying by 2100. He also adds that only five to ten percent are capable of being widely spoken and unforgotten. Krauss also asserts that if people decide to change, the best case scenario would be that only fifty percent of the languages that exist today will be forgotten. Given this information, people should change and try to save as many languages as they can. A way to conserve dying languages is by discovering a way to scriven them down.  Writing these language would not solve the problem completely because there is so much more that dies with a language than the words, grammar, sayings, and stories. When a language disappears, the vision and ways of that culture dies with the language. If too many languages die, a limit is put on the possibility of uniqueness and the room for imagination in people is reduced. Eventually, there will be no nonpareil ideas because all the ideas died along with the language and culture. With dead languages, humans are at a risk of losing their perspective. Natives abandon their phraseology due to the more common interest in other languages. Along with their language, their culture also dies. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, or UNESCO, is an organization whose purpose is to bring peace and security by promoting collaboration internationally in educational, scientific, and cultural matters. UNESCO’s interactive active atlas says that ninety-eight languages in Papua New Guinea, one hundred and ninety-one in the United States, thirty-one in Laos, twenty-six in France, one hundred and ninety-six in India, and many more places are in danger of dying (Menkendick). Having different native tongues shapes our society and culture, something that needs to be preserved. Having a multitude of languages in the world will create a diverse culture. The best way to keep a language alive for long periods of time is to adamantly teach the future generations, such as children, about their native languages and cultures.While many people agree that it is important to preserve a language, some argue that it can be a waste of time. Many people argue that learning a common language can be beneficial to everyone. They tend to reason that learning a universal language will make communicating very “efficient and easy” because it will allow everyone to understand each other. If everyone in the world can understand each other, peace can be easier to attain. These people do not realize what is lost when a native abandons their native tongue in order to learn a universal language. When a language dies, there is a whole culture that disappears along with it. The need to learn a common language is the reason many natives abandon their language. Due to the drastic impact of language on society, it is very important that many people do the best they can to preserve as many native languages as possible. The best way to keep the culture within a language from dying is to teach it to future generations. A language has the more impact on a society and culture than what most people may believe. Along with a language comes a culture and a sense of being. In order to assure that the culture within a language stays intact, people should do their part to make sure it does not become endangered.

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