Introduction

This is where understanding and knowing about
multiculturalism comes in handy. Multiculturalism, as the term advocates, it is
a system that indicates co-existence and collaboration of multiple diverse
cultures in a society. Individuals with culturally different behaviors,
customs, norms, religious practices, etc. live and cooperate with each other
and facilitate mutual respect. Multiculturalism demonstrates an attitude and
policy of accommodating diverse cultural groups regardless of their characteristic
differences.

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How do these
characteristics work out in an “actual” practice in terms of school structure?
This is all based on what someone may perceive what diversity and
multiculturalism is, and also what makes a school multicultural. Being able to understand
diversity and multiculturalism in a society where it isn’t recognized, is an inevitability
that needs to be established for students to have an open-mind in todays’
world. These are values when encompassed and executed by all- African
Americans, Anglo Saxons, Hispanics, Asians, male, female, gay, lesbian,
straight and transgender; established and non-established educational
societies- this would cause a successfully established generation that could
change the world. Culturally diverse understanding and admiration for
integration are not an option in today’s education, program development, or
cross-curriculum design. Developing understanding and aptitude for giving
knowledge based on these values and characteristics, indicates a difference
between success and failure in preparing students for the real world.

 

There is a huge
impact on diversity, and that’s one of the biggest topics talked about in
school systems and sports. What is diversity? When it comes to diversity, there
are two magnitudes, primary and secondary. The primary aspect is the biological
and visible, such as age, sex, ethnicity, social class, disabilities, and etc.
The secondary aspect is sociocultural and visible, such as education, language,
occupation, values, styles of learning, and etc. These two types of magnitudes
that people bring to an institute, it could be conflicting, but if learned how
to collaborate, it could work perfectly in harmony. This expresses the ideal
that people working together is greater than people working individually.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Socio Economic Status

When it comes to people that you surround yourself
with, there are two aspects we look at: biological and sociological. While our
existence is based and maintained by food and reproduction, the order in which
we maintain our existence is based on education. It is through education that
he promotes his intelligence and adds his knowledge with which he can move the
world for good and for evil according to his wishes. Education in fact, is one
of the major “life processes” of the human beings “just as there are certain
indispensable vital processes of life in a biological sense. So education may
be considered a vital process in a social science.

Socioeconomic
status encompasses not just income but also educational attainment, financial
security, and subjective perceptions of social status and social class.
Socioeconomic status can encompass quality of life attributes as well as the
opportunities and privileges afforded to people within society. Socioeconomic
status is one of those terms typically learned in a seventh grade social
studies or civics class and then used in college term papers to subtly suggest
a deep understanding of how society works, or perhaps how it should work. While
it is understandable that few go beyond a cursory understanding of the
construct, among social scientists the term is serious business because it
connotes one’s position in the social hierarchy, how the hierarchy is
structured, and very often one’s consequent life chances. In other words,
socioeconomic status indicates one’s access to collectively desired resources,
be they material goods, money, power, friendship networks, healthcare, leisure
time, or educational opportunities. And it is access to such resources that
enable individuals and/or groups to prosper in the social world.

Social hierarchy, or stratification, appears to be intuitively
recognized by most everyone everywhere. During social interactions various
indicators are typically displayed or revealed in order to convey one’s SES to
other members of the social group. Common indicators include professional
titles, clothing, hairstyles, automobiles, residential addresses and so forth.
SES affects overall human functioning, including our physical and mental
health. Low SES and its correlates, such as lower educational achievement,
poverty, and poor health, ultimately affect our society.

 

Research indicates that children from low-SES households and
communities develop academic skills slower than children from higher SES
groups. For instance, low SES in childhood is related to poor cognitive
development, language, memory, socioemotional processing, and consequently poor
income and health in adulthood. The school systems in low-SES communities are
often under resourced, negatively affecting students’ academic progress and
outcomes. Inadequate education and increased dropout rates affect children’s
academic achievement, perpetuating the low-SES status of the community.
Improving school systems and early intervention programs may help to reduce
some of these risk factors; therefore, increased research on the correlation
between SES and education is essential.

 

 

 

Economy
affects Quality

A student’s
educational outcome and academic success is greatly influenced by the type of
school that they attend. School factors include school structure, school
composition, and school climate. The school one attends is the institutional
environment that sets the parameters of a students’ learning experience.
Depending on the environment a school can either open or close the doors that
lead to academic achievement.

It is
suggested that schools whether they are public or private, and class size are
two important structural components of schools. Private schools tend to have
both better funding and smaller class sizes than public schools. The additional
funding of private schools leads to better academic performance and more access
to resources such as computers, which have been shown to enhance academic
achievement. Smaller class sizes create more intimate settings and therefore can
increase teacher-student bonding which has also been shown to have a positive
affect on student success. The relative social class of a student body also
affects academic achievement. Students from low socioeconomic backgrounds who
attend poorly funded schools do not perform as well as students from higher
social classes. School composition or the general makeup of a school is another
important factor regarding academic achievement. The racial make-up of a
schools’ student body has been shown to influence test scores and students’
attachment to their school. Student test scores and school attachment increase
when students’ own race matches the most common race of their schools’ student
body. This is especially true for minority students. But, there is still a
considerable amount of evidence linking the race of teachers to student
performance. Teacher diversity affects non-minority and minority students
differently. For non-minority students, teacher diversity can hinder or have no
effect on their academic performance. However, a larger amount of minority
teachers has been shown to positively affect the test scores and school
attachment of minority students. The skill level of teachers is another
indicator of student performance. Students who attend schools with a high
number of fully credentialed teachers perform better.

School
climate is closely related to the interpersonal relations between students and
teachers. Trust between students and teachers increases if a school encourages
teamwork. Research shows that students who trust their teachers are more
motivated and as a result perform better in school. School policies and
programs often dictate school climate. Therefore, minority students benefit
more from school policies if the administrators and teachers, who help create
the policies, are representative of minorities. Students can focus more clearly
when a school is able to create an environment where students feel safe. If a
school is able to accomplish a feeling of safety students can have success despite
their family or neighborhood backgrounds.

 

 

 

Budget
Cuts

PE has
dramatically changed over the years and may still vary across the country. Going
to PE could be a really awkward time in everyone’s life from changing in the
locker room too having to run in front of everyone. Before PE consisted of climbing
ropes and playing doge ball to now, only doing sixteen minutes of physical
activity out of a forty-five minute class time. There are pros and cons that
may change our mind of the importance of Physical Education programs.

The pro’s that
have resulted from Physical Education programs can in hopes better the over all
health of the United States starting from early age if properly executed.  ” The PE classes help students burn calories,
exercise muscles, reduce stress levels and improve their physcholofical and
physical health” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ). Physical education
programs have hopes of giving their students encouragement of living healthier
lives.  . “bifhgt hub states that people
who exercise regularly during childhood and adolescence are more likely to
exercise during adulthood” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ).   Having a good structured Physical Education
program may help young students have better teamwork skills, self discipline,
responsibility and setting goals which may in the future help with potential
jobs (Benifits of P.E. in schools ). Allowing students
to be able to pick the kind of physical activity rather than being forced may
be more effectivitve in ways that which allow the student to actually like exercising.
 It also gives students an incentive that
if they do well in school their reward would be to be able to play on the
school teams. ” Physical educations programs can also help improve self
confidence” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ) and can also be used
as an outlet for stress reduction.  “Improved
physical health, academics and social interactions all contribute to a good
mental health” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ) which in return
improves the students over all physical health.

Having a strong
pursuit in a sport, which is resulted from physical education programs, may
result in the student putting their academic work aside and focusing more on
the sport (Non-Competitive Play Leads to
More Physical Activity in Children). Some coaches may
not be physically fit which may be setting a bad example for their
students.  In most cases students may see
PE as torment for those that aren’t as athletic as other students, and those
that were athletic got the more attention from the coaches (Non-Competitive
Play Leads to More Physical Activity in Children).

Physical
activity is an important aspect of healthy lifestyle. In order for children to
maintain a healthy lifestyle they must have a good foundation in physical
activity. The best way for them to get this foundation is to have good
educators teaching those activities they like and are likely to repeat in the
future. students should learn to be active early in their lives because it will
help them build a foundation for a lifetime of health, fitness and a more
stable academic success.

Physical
education and activity provides long-term health benefits for everyone! By
being active, you will burn calories that you store from eating throughout the
day and—it can be as easy as walking the dog or as rigorous as running a
marathon. Providing opportunities for children to be active early on puts them
on a path to better physical and mental health. It’s never too late to
jumpstart a healthy lifestyle. Physical activity, along with proper nutrition,
is beneficial to people of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities. And it is
important that everyone gets active: over the last 20 years, there’s been a
significant increase in obesity in the United States. Sharon White states, “Today,
as many as one-quarter of our children are obese. This number has doubled in
the last decade alone. Conditions, which are generally associated with obesity
and inactivity, range from diabetes and cardiovascular disease, to attention
deficit disorder. Of children aged 5 to 10, 61% have one or more cardiovascular
disease risk factors”. This in fact tells you that this generation coming up is
consumed with technology rather than being healthy and physically fit.

There are four
main goals of modern physical education- to improve physical fitness, to shape
positive attitudes towards physical activity, to give children the skills they
need to enjoy different physical activities and to help them understand the
importance of being healthy. Apart from maintaining physical fitness, it
includes training in the development and care of the human body. It helps a
person sharpen overall cognitive abilities and motor skills through athletics,
exercise and various other physical activities. Being physically active means
strengthening one’s cognitive processes and sharpening one’s skills as a
result. Exercising is a great way to keep the body in shape, and help it fend
off illness while keeping kids at a healthy weight if they’re considerably fit.
Exercising doesn’t mean pushing the body to do strenuous workout routines, but
also in physical activities such as dancing, volleyball, golf, cheerleading and
much more.

Other factors
affecting students’ choices of physical activity may be their level of
health-related physical fitness, body type, geographical location, and
socio-economic group or circle of peers. To help students achieve
self-realization through physical activity, the physical education program can
guide student choices and help them become self-directed in the selection of activities
that are satisfying. Physical education can serve as a vehicle for helping
students to develop the knowledge, attitudes, motor skills, behavioral skills,
and confidence needed to adopt and maintain physically active lifestyles. The
outcomes of a quality physical education program include the development of
students’ physical competence, health-related fitness, self-esteem, and overall
enjoyment of physical activity.

Today’s quality
physical education programs respect and enhance the physical, cognitive, and
social-emotional development of a child. Only through physical education can
students learn the correct and basic skills for throwing, skipping, catching,
and kicking to name a few; It is only through physical education that students
can gain the knowledge for developing and monitoring their own fitness levels. As
a future physical educator, it is the educators’ job to help these students
learn the correct mechanics and skills needed for their development physically
and socially. It is the educators job to teach the students in a multicultural
perspective, that there are no differences among each other but also showing
that each individual can be grow in a society outside of their own.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tudent
Achievement

Outside factors can affect what goes on inside a
classroom. And every student comes to his or her education with an individual
set of circumstances: family structure, living situation and socioeconomic
status can be assets or disadvantages to performance. Socioeconomic status
(SES) is defined by the American Psychological Association (APA) as the “social
standing or class of an individual or group,” which is “often measured as a combination
of education, income and occupation.” His or her family status can have a
significant impact on a learner’s capacity to achieve in a formal school
setting.

Families of a higher SES have the income and the time
to supplement their child’s schooling with educational camps and retreats;
private lessons in art, music or performance; test preparation; and targeted
tutoring. All of these extracurricular tools can lead to higher test scores and
better grades. On the other hand, students of a lower SES are not only largely
without access to these additive programs, they’re also at a disadvantage at
school. Schools that serve mostly low-income students are often understaffed,
experiencing high teacher turnover and unable to hire the same caliber of
educator as their more well-funded counterparts. For example, I went to a high
school where most of our classes were in portables, we had at least 3 broken
chairs per classroom, we had outdoor basketball courts that didn’t have a rim,
or backboard, 2 tennis courts for 4 teams, bathrooms that had more writing in
them than a classroom, and outdated books because our funding wasn’t enough to
get the newer ones. I compare my experience to a high school here in El Paso
like Franklin High School where they have the newest books,  at least 6 tennis courts, remodeled outdoor
and indoor gym facility/equipment, clean bathrooms, and everything is well
maintained. The physical environment of school buildings and school grounds is
a key factor in the overall health and safety of students, staff, and visitors.
School buildings and grounds must be designed and maintained to be free of
health and safety hazards, and to promote learning.

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