In November of 2008 the voters of the State of California passed
“Proposition 8 – Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry” which stated
that married couples of the same sex would not be recognized as a legally
married couple in the State of California. One year later, the Supreme Court of
the State of California voted to uphold Proposition 8. After many legal
challenges, the Supreme Court of the State of California agreed to hear the
case, ruling that it was constitutional to exclude factions from the equal
protection clause. Thereafter in 2013, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
overturned the lower court’s ruling. This created uproar as the equal
protection clause is meant to protect minority factions from the determination
of the majority faction. In the year 2015, the Supreme Court of the United
States ruled in the case of Obergefell v. Hodges that under the precepts of the fourteenth
amendment, same-sex couples couldn’t be discriminated against when they apply
for marriage licenses.  The Supreme Court
of the United States also found that the equal protection clause and the due
process clause prohibited exclusions against minority factions. This would have
rendered Proposition 8 illegal had the Ninth Circuit not overturned the lower
court’s ruling.