In this assignment, I will be discussing the difference between public schools and private school in the United States and in England with their education systems as the purpose of this assignment is to discover the education system as well as schooling system between private school and public school. In today’s society, parents have a choice in their child’s education as they can either enter their child into public or private schools. Both public and private schools provide opportunities and education for students, this gives the right to parents to opportunity to compare and contract both private and public school and would best fit the child needs of education. The key terms I would be looking closely throughout the essay are cost, curriculum, services and classrooms. The availability of international and comparative educational information has grown, which includes how schools work and perform in many different nations had effects on the educational policies around the world. A policymaking environment that’s already marked as a widespread since is it borrowed and copied from one nation to other as this raises the stakes for the educational production and nation-state building (Ball, 1998) The United States has a much-dispersed structure of education. The Tenth Amendment (1791) of the U.S. Constitution (1787) states: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” So, the general authority to generate and manage public schools is kept for the states. There is no general school system or national framework laws that recommend curricula or control additional features of education. Although the federal government play a significant role in education, they do not construct, licence schools or govern the educational institution at any level. The reorganised nature of U.S. education has its roots in the primary history of the United States. The 13 British colonies that moulded the original United States, the colonial and local communities continued to be accountable for education. It was normal for each area to create and provision its own school(s) and to educate the children according to their own significances, standards and requirements. This history helps to understand why state and local governments today hold main accountability for managing elementary and secondary education in the U.SIn the education system, there are minor differences among the different countries of the UK, education is compulsory from the age of five. However, it is compulsory to start school at the age of 4 in Northern Ireland. Although Pre-school in the United Kingdom is not compulsory, the government encourages parent into thinking about part-time places which are accessible for all children from the age of three. This system is practical differently according to what district of the United Kingdom you are in. Pre-schools are usually attached next to the primary school were children usually progress into the primary school after completing their early education programme at pre-school. The difference between private and public schools is that. Public school classrooms are overcrowded with children and the teacher wouldn’t give her full attention to every child in the room which could then lead to the child educational needs not being met and this could, later on, have effect as they grow older. Whereas private school the classroom has fewer children which gives the teacher the opportunity to have one to one with every child and know there each other targets. By this, they are able to inform the parents of the child of their progress throughout the academic year so that they would be getting support at home as well as in schools. The United States the children who are in high social class tends to go to private school however this doesn’t mean that the class is overcrowded as parents are selected to join. The classroom is spacious and every child can choose what activities they would like to do. In the UK the public primary schools, the classrooms have more space and wouldn’t be crowed as much and they children would be coming in at different times, such as full-time children come from 8:45 am – 3:00 pm but the part time children would come 8:45 am – 11:30 pm as morning session or there is another option which is the afternoon session and would be from 12:15 pm – 3:00 pm as this would decrease the class room, the time as the same as private school as they also have the same opening time with pubic school. Over the years primary school average classrooms have changed in England from 1998 the school standards and framework Act was taken place and in September 2001, the limit of 30 pupils in a Key Stage 1 class became a legal.During those times the schools and local authorities were expecting to the introduction of the legal requirement. Every local authority produced plans in order to ensure the legal requirement was met and that was subject to challenge, approval, intervention when required, funding and monitoring, and held to account for delivery. In the U.S, public school about 51% of the children who attends public school are children of colour or they came from low-income families. That is a clear point of diversity in America’s public school an there needs of analogous diversity approaches in the nation’s classrooms. If the child’s needs are not met then the children of colour are more likely to attend the lower class school which receive $1,200 less in public funding per student a year than others. Research shows that children whose parents are uneducated will fall back a year by the time they are four years old. England’s cost for education only applies to private schools as the public are free to attend as it is compulsory for children to be in school from 3 to 18 that including college however If the child does not want to continue to college then they have the right to as college is not compulsory. In private school if the parent wishes for the child to attends nursery then the fee would be depending on if the child would go full time then that would be £3,700 per term if the child goes from the part-time then that would be £2,115 per term then include the registration fee £80 and Acceptance deposit £800. This is from “Hendon Prep School” but the best private school could cost more. The cost for the reception would be £3,845 per term and Years 1 – 4 fee is £4,455 per term lastly Years 5- 8 fee is £4,725 per term. This would be hard to pay if the child was from a low social class and an income family, this clearly shows that this would be suitable for the child whose family are from a high school class and have a high income. However in the United States, although education is compulsory, Public schools depend primarily on local, state, and federal government funds. The government divides the country into school districts, each supported by a local tax base.That means school funding and quality varies drastically depending on where the child lives, and homes in top school districts tend to be expensive. While private schools are usually supported by tuition payments According to data from the ‘Nation Center for Education Statistics’, the average price of a year of private elementary school is $7,770, and the average annual cost of private high school is $13,030. In the year 1789/ 1790, the school fees paid by the students were the main source of teachers’ income at private schools (Troll, 1842)One of the major differences between private and public school is the curriculum. Public schools have to obey the curriculum that has been summarized by the state as they outlined for each subject at each grade level (Great Schools Staff, n.d.). The state also commands the evaluations for each grade level (Great Schools Staff, n.d.). The curriculums are very much similar with other public schools in different states as they would wish if the child went to another new school during the middle of the year the child could remain on their targets however private schools have the capability to set their own curriculum of their choice. Private schools are able to particular the curriculums so that they can entice students (Great Schools Staff, n.d.). For instance, private schools that are religious will have religiously based classes in addition to their basic curriculum. This is where the parents need to consider if they would want their child to study in that private school. Furthermore, private schools control their own evaluations and if they wish to not participate in standardized testing then they do not need to.Primary education focuses on the basis of an academic learning and socialization skills as well as introducing the children to the wide-ranging range of knowledge skills and what kind of behavioural changes they would need to succeed in life. Basic learning consists arithmetic or other times it could be rudimentary algebra in mathematics, English proficiency which would be the basic grammar, spelling, and vocabulary as well as the fundamentals of other subjects. Identified for all areas of a curriculum from individual states that includes physical development, mathematics, science, social studies and the fine arts. While the concept of state learning standards has been around for some time, the ‘No Child Left Behind Act 2001’ has mandated that standards exist at the state level. Subjects are instructed in elementary school, and children regularly stay in one classroom all through the school day, aside from physical training, music, library, and art classes. Ordinarily, the educational programs in elementary education resolute instruction are controlled by singular school areas. The school area chooses educational modules aides and course readings that mirror a state’s learning models and benchmarks for a given grade level. In the United Kingdom, each country has its own curriculum although they may be similar in some context, they all have their own differences in the programmes of the studies. England only has a National Curriculum where this applies to children in the years of 5 to 11 meaning they would be in Key Stages 1 and 2. This includes maths, English, science, art and design, computing, geography, design and technology, history, music and physical education. In Key Stage 2 it was compulsory for the children to study a foreign language based on the school’s choice. However, in the Welsh curriculum, it has been reposted that they recently been reviewed, that schools should follow the National Literacy as well as Numeracy Framework (NLF) as this highlights the numeracy and literacy through the entire curriculum. The curriculum in wales are different in certain areas of learning: social and personal development as well as wellbeing and cultural diversity also communication skills, mathematical development furthermore Wales uses welsh as the first language in school but depending on the school they might learn it as a second language. The mean score in PISA in science in the year 2015 were 493 however the United Kingdom scored 509 whereas the United States scored 496 this shows that the curriculum for science in the United Kingdom is better than the United States. The average three years score differences were that the United Kingdom went down by one point but the United States went up by two points. The mean score in PISA in reading in the year 2015 was 493, however, United Kingdom scored 498 whereas the United States scored 497 this shows both countries went over the target score and that the curriculum for reading in the United Kingdom is better than the United States even though there wasn’t much difference between them. The average three years score differences were that the United Kingdom went down by six points even the United States went down by one point. The mean score in PISA in mathematics in the year 2015 were 490, however, United Kingdom scored 492 whereas the United States scored 470 this clearly shows that the curriculum for mathematics in the United Kingdom is better than the United States, this also shows that the US needs to improve on their teaching style on mathematics. The average three years score differences were that the United Kingdom went down by one point whereas the United States went up by two points.