European Union has the goal of a resilient and secure
energy system with an ambitious climate and decarbonized policy at its core. The
goal brings EU consumers secure, sustainable, competitive and affordable
energy. Achieving this goal will require a fundamental transformation of
European energy systems. Therefore, the European Commission has created and
implemented conceptual approaches and strategic policy frameworks of for energy
transition process in the EU. “Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan)” and
“Energy Union” are two of the examples of such approaches. SET-Plan describes
time horizons and important milestones for putting the EU energy systems on a
sustainable path. It also aims to accelerate the development
and deployment of low-carbon technologies at EU. The vision of Energy Union is that
the EU countries see each other to depend on delivering secure energy to their
citizens based on true solidarity and trust (Energy Union, 2015). This means EU
consumers speaks with one voice for energy issues in global affairs.

The most important point that has explicitly been stated
in both up-stream documents is the effects of 
the socio-economic dimension, behavioral changes, and social attitudes
in the energy systems polices. In fact, energy transition and energy
efficiency, behavior, and lifestyles are most important aspects
of energy transition process in the EU. Following each variable is descript.

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3.1.           
Energy transition and energy efficiency

Energy efficiency is about consuming more efficiently, and
using less energy to receive a similar level of work or power. The main subjects related to energy
efficiency in the EU are mainly cost efficiency, environmental issues and
regulatory frameworks, economic performance, and industrial competitiveness
(Strategies # 3 and #5 of Energy Union). The EU plans ask member states to ensure
annual reports related to the energy efficiency of their sectors.

3.2.           
Energy behavior

The energy behavior of consumers is the study of
individuals, groups, or organizations and all related to the purchase, use, and
disposal of energy and related goods/services. Households and industries and commercial users (Businesses) are two main
consumers of energy products/services that have different motivation for energy
consumption.  Implementation of the
European Union’s Energy Efficiency plans require a change in consumer behavior
and energy consumption practices. Thus, correctly navigating the interface
between policymaking and human behavior is a key factor because consumer
behavior increasingly affect the achievements of EU plans. Variables such as
liberalization, social norms, belief systems, marketing strategies, as well as
beliefs, attitudes, values, regulation, and social contexts are some examples
of such view for energy transition process in the EU.

3.3.           
Life style

Lifestyle is the interests, behaviors, beliefs, opinions,
and orientations of an individual, group, and culture.  Changes in attitude/awareness, and lifestyles
are very important for social acceptances of diversification and efficiency
programs of EU polices. Factors such as economic incentives and regulations,
local economy, structures of neighborhoods, and local actors are examples of
such viewpoint to energy transition process. 

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