Causes
and Effects of French Revolution

The
French Revolution that took place between 1787 and 1799 was a notable event in
the world’s history. France faced great social inequality with three social
classes; the first estate, second and third estate which comprised of the monarchy,
clergy and the nobles respectively. The sharp differences led to quest for equality
that resulted to formation of revolutionaries who promised liberation but this
came at a price of terror and massacre. This essay points out the causes and
effects of the French Revolution of the 1789.

            King
Louis XVI (1754-1793), had actively participated in the American Revolution
financially. This event occurred before the French Revolution, which left the
country bankrupt. By 1789, France had a population of 26 million; the rise in
population was  attributed to improved
standards of living and education. The situation worsened following two decades
of drought leading to poor harvests and diseases. This angered the locals who
felt frustrated by their rulers’ urge to continue taxing them without providing
relief to their unending woes. In addition, the rulers were persistent with
taxation despite failure to provide services to the residents.

The
nobles desired to own land and participate in the political system since they
were enlightened. They advocated for equal representation and abolishing of
monarchy. The third estate turned against the monarchy by signing “The Tennis
Court Oath.” The agitated locals began destroying structures and old institutions
as well as rioting, looting, striking, seeking political power and equality.
and at the same time angry at high inflation rates.

This
revolution resulted in drafting of a constitution that was more inclusive
providing a representative government, equality, and freedom of speech. This
document however faced implementation challenges, which led to varying opinions
with the idea of putting King Louis to trial. Consequently, there emerged
political crisis due to the rift between the revolutionaries and their rivals.
The King was arrested on August 10, 1792 and later sentenced to death through
the guillotine (horrific machine used to behead people) for treason. The wife
faced similar charges nine months after the incident. Execution of King Lous led
to a reign of terror with over 17,000 people facing trial and execution while others
dying in prisons. That marked the end of monarchy, a period characterized by
deaths, massacre, and violence across the region.

In
June 1793, the Jacobins sort to abolish Christianity. They established a new
calendar, condemned use of the bible, seeking and burning any ones available.
Members of the clergy faced persecution and were being killed in masses and
Christians being butchered publicly. Most priests and Christians denounced the
religion for fear of persecution. Atheism and Communism replaced Christianity.

Murder
and persecution was the order of the day with revolutionaries targeting their
enemies. Children were being murdered in an attempt to reduce France’s large
population. This period was termed as the “Reign of Terror.” Consequently,
traders were eradicated, industries depleted and unemployment at the core. The
economy deteriorated massively.

The
French Revolution sought to restore equality, hope, and freedom. This was
achieved partially but the result was more devastating. Evil took over good
with terror and death being prevalent. France openly rebelled against the
creator of the universe and openly declared the absence of god, eradicating
Christianity. Equality improved and establishment of the middle class.