ASSIGNMENT
OF SOCIOLOGY

 

 

 

                                                           

 

 

                                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Question:

How
sociology differs from other science and why do you think sociology is a
science?

Sociology:

The
term Sociology is defined as a “methodical study of the actions of individuals,
their values, & communication”. It analyzes the association that is
present among individual and their societies. 

On
the other hand,

Science:

“A
word science means “to know”. It is an accumulated body of knowledge of physical
world through observations”

How
sociology differs from other science?

Science
is divided into two parts such as natural science and social science. Natural science
is the study of physical or organic realities, while Social science concerns with
the human conduct and their social groups.

Different
social sciences deal with the various traits of the human’s social life, so it
is necessary to identify the differences that exists between Sociology and History,
Economics, Political Science, Anthropology, and Psychology.

Sociology
& Natural Sciences:

Sociology

Natural
sciences

Sociology
study the action or conduct of a person dwell in the society.

While
natural sciences study the physical world. It concern with the prediction and
explanation of natural phenomenon.

 

Sociology
& Anthropology:

Sociology

Anthropology

Sociology
deals with advanced and complicated social groups

While
on the other hand anthropology concern with uncultured societies

Sociology
focus on examining qualitative and quantitative records.

It
focuses on analyzing qualitative facts.

Sociology
considered small as well as larger society

While
anthropology studies only small society

 

Sociology
& History:

Sociology

History

Sociology
is a logical science

History
is an explanatory science

Sociology
is attentive toward studying the present-day events with all their complications

While
history examine the historical actions of human beings

It
has broader scope

It
has limited scope

 

Sociology
& Political science:

Sociology

Political
science

Sociology
is the science of society.

While
on the other hand political science is the study of government.

It
examines both sensible & unconscious actions of individuals

Political
science study only the conscious actions of social groups

Sociology
has boarder scope

It
has narrower field

 

Sociology
& Economics:

Sociology

Economics

Sociology
pays attention to all types of social affiliations

While
Economics concentrated on the creation and distribution of society’s goods
and services.

It
is theoretical in nature because its variables are very hard to compute.

It
is concrete in nature because its variables are very simple to quantify

It
is a universal social science

It
is an exceptional science

Sociology
study the impact of industrialization in the society

On
the other hand, economics studies the economic factors of productivity, labor
and industry

 

Sociology
& psychology:

Sociology

Psychology
 

Sociology
is the study of various cultures, values and societies

While
psychology study human thought and behavior in society.it examines the mental
processes that occur within that person

It
focuses on questionnaire techniques

It
deals with experimental approaches

 

Why
do you think sociology is a science?

Like
other sciences anthropology, political science, history, economics and
psychology, sociology is a social science. Sociology is considered a science as
much as chemistry, physics, and biology, as it uses robust method like
biological and other natural sciences. There are many different point of views
arise when we come at the query “why do you think Sociology is a Science?”.  There are two distinct philosophies on this
matter such as positivists and interpretivism. Positivist believe that
sociology is a science while interpretivism proposed that sociology can’t be a
science.

When
we assume that sociology is a science, we mean that researcher uses the
scientific approaches to attempt to comprehend the several characteristics of
society that sociologists consider.

Today
there are large number of sociologists that are reluctant to tag sociology a
science because they proposed that the conduct of individuals and groups can be
accurately quantified by using quantitative methods. Quantitative technique
focused on numerical analysis of data and it figure How much, How often, What
is relationship and difference between different variable? In this method data
is collected through surveys, interview, questionnaires etc. Where qualitative
technique only explores the experiences, culture and particular issues of people.
It concerns with what, how. There are numerous resemblances to the approaches of
research used by scientists.  

Durkheim
a positivist believed that in sociology there was a need for quantitative data
and thorough scrutiny in order to gain a factual understanding of society.
Quantitative research in Sociology adapts conventional scientific practices and
relate them to social research; this is clear in research techniques such as
structured questionnaires surveys.

“According
to Durkheim sociologist perceive things, in the similar mentality as the
physiologist, chemist and physicist, when they make investigation into a still
uncover region of the scientific field”. From this finding Durkheim drew the assumption
that behavior can be quantitatively observed and computed, like the natural researcher
observes and quantify the domain.

Sociologist
try to generalize the results regarding trends exist among various dimensions
of social life, so it is not possible to yield generalizations by only
considering the qualitative aspect of social life.

For
example:

Researcher
examined quantitively the rate of men and women who commit suicide. From the
surveys, it is proved that Men are more likely to commit suicide than women. By
this statement it does not mean that every man commits suicide and no women
commits suicide.it only mean that women have lower suicide rate.

So,
by using both qualitative as well quantitative techniques it is made possible
for sociologist to generalize the result which is not possible by only using
qualitative approach.

Conclusion:

Sociology
is the study of behavior of societies, it is quite different from other
sciences (psychology, history, anthropology, political science and economics).
The question (why do you think sociology is a science?)  is still debatable. There are two school of
thought on this point. positivist believe that sociology is a science, but the
interpretivists say that sociology can’t be a science. Many sociologists believe
that Sociology is a science because adopting a same scientific technique to
study the human behavior of world, which other sciences apply. The quantitative
as well as qualitative approach of gives true picture of fact.

 

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