A “safety zone” is the area or space lawfully set apart within a
roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is
protected, or which is marked or indicated by vertical signs,
raised markers or raised buttons, in order to make such area or
space plainly visible at all times. Such zones include roadside
construction sites, pedestrian sidewalks, and crosswalks when
occupied, school bus loading and unloading zones, and other
areas that a motor vehicle has access to, but is prohibited by
law from being driven on, over, or through. A safety zone is
also know as a pedestrian refuge or pedestrian

island where a pedestrian(s)
can stop before completely crossing a road. A safety zone
is typically used when a road is very wide, and the time to
completely cross it may be too long for some pedestrians to
cross during a traffic signal’s walk cycle. It is also often
used when there is no traffic signal, and a pedestrian(s) needs
‘a safe zone’ on which to stop after crossing one direction of
traffic and before crossing the next direction of traffic. A
safety zone is intended to significantly reduce the risk for a
pedestrian (s) crossing a wide road with a speed limit greater
than 25 mph from being struck by an oncoming vehicle. A
pedestrian(s) is able to use two gaps in traffic traffic by
stopping on the safety zone between opposing travel lanes or
oncoming traffic and waiting for a gap in traffic in order to
complete a crossing. The use of a safety zone often reduces the
average wait time for a pedestrian(s) to cross a road. It also
improves safety for an impatient pedestrian(s) who may attempt
to use a single gap in traffic that is insufficient for a safe
crossing on a wide two-way road.